Ethiopia is the 129th largest export economy in the world and the 116th most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI). In 2017, Ethiopia exported $2.2B and imported $8B, resulting in a negative trade balance of $5.8B. In 2017 the GDP of Ethiopia was $80.6B and its GDP per capita was $1.9k.

Capital City: Addis Ababa

Currency: Birr

Official language: Amharic

Population: 73,750,932 (2017)

Natural resources: Coffee, khat, gold, leather products, and oilseeds

Total imports: 8,78 B

Top import Commodities: Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof; 1,85 B; Machinery, mechanical appliances; 1,53 B; Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; 773 M; and Iron and steel; 448 M.

Top import Partners: China, 4,8 B; United States of America, 1,2 B; India, 1,09 B; Japan, 680 M; Italy, 645 M; and Turkey, 599 M.

Total exports: 2.8 B

Top export Commodities: Coffee, tea, and spices, 734 M; Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits, 432 M; Live trees and other plants, 246 M; Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers, 110 M; Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, 103 M; Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather, 85 M; and Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, 68 M

Top export Partners: China, 288 M ; Somalia, 243 M; United States of America, 227 M ; Saudi Arabia, 206 M; Germany, 195 M; Netherlands, 188 M; United Arab Emirates, 127 M; Switzerland, 111 M; and Japan, 101 M.

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Main movements of Ethiopia